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Study Abroad: American And British English Differences

Study Abroad: American And British English...

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    Lesson Curriculum

    Vocabulary
    One of the most noticeable differences between American and British English is vocabulary. We will cover a wide range of vocabulary exercises for all different situations. Some of the situations we will cover are, when looking for an apartment or house to rent, when ordering food, opening a bank account, ordering a taxi, asking for directions and using public transport.
    Collective Nouns
    Collective nouns are nouns that stand for a group or collection of people or things. They include words such as audience, committee, police, crew, family, government, group, and team. In American English, most collective nouns are treated as singular, with a singular verb but British English, most collective nouns can be treated as singular or plural. There are a few collective nouns (in both British and American English) that are always used with a plural verb.
    Auxiliary Verbs
    Another grammar difference between American and British English relates to auxiliary verbs. Auxiliary verbs, also known as helping verbs, are verbs that help form a grammatical function. They “help” the main verb by adding information about time, modality and voice. British people use the word ‘shall’ more than Americans. For example, British people will say “I shall go home now” but Americans prefer a less formal way and would say “ I will go home now”.
    Past Tense Verbs
    There are small differences in the past forms of irregular verbs and people in both countries can easily understand both ways, although British people do tend to think of the American way as incorrect. We will explore the use of –ed ending and –t ending for irregular verbs. Once you have a good understanding of irregular verbs you will have much more confidence when speaking English to an American or British person.
    Question Tags
    Tag questions are an example of another big difference between British and American English because British English speakers use them a lot more than American English speakers. There are different types of question tags, positive statements with negative tags and negative statements with positive tags. As well as learning the different types of question tags you will also learn how to correctly change your tone.
    Spelling And Pronunciation
    There are several areas in which American and British English spelling can be different. In American English words are often spelled closer to what they actually sound like. You will learn the following spelling differences. Ense Vs Ence, Er Vs Re, Or Vs Our, Ed Vs T, K Vs Que, Ize Vs Ise, LL Vs L, Og Vs Ogue. Plus common words which are spelt differently. The pronunciation of words change depending if you are speaking British English or American English. These changes could be where the stress is put in a different part of the word or the sound of the vowel.
    Punctuation
    There are two major styles of English punctuation: American and British English. The punctuation differences which we will study include; titles, dates, time, and quotations. If you are going to study in Australia and New Zealand then you should follow the British English punctuation rules.

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